Dilated plexus of superior hemorrhoidal veins in relation to anal canal is called as hemorrhoids / Piles.
Bleeding per rectum during defecation and protrusion of mass at anal orifice replaced digitally or itself after defecation. Other symptoms of piles are mucous and blood discharge, itching at perianal region with Habitual Constipation. During defecation Flash pan will be seen most cases of Piles.
Grade i – Piles which Bleed.
Grade ii – Piles partly prolapsed as the straining increases during defecation.
Grade iii – After prolapsed can be digitally replaced the Piles.
Grade iv – Piles permanently prolapsed outside the anus.
Constipation causes excessive straining with superior hemorrhoidal veins pass through the sub-mucosa of the rectum, get constricted during the act of defecation. Low fiber diet, Pregnancy, Persistent straining when passing of stool and urine, anal intercourse, and hereditary factors also causes of Piles.